Oxfords teachhing methods of english language  : Педагогика : Английский язык - на REFLIST.RU

Oxfords teachhing methods of english language : Педагогика : Английский язык - на REFLIST.RU

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Список категорий документа Педагогика Английский язык
Oxfords teachhing methods of english language

Oxfords teachhing methods of english language

преподавания, методика преподавания английского языка, language, Обучение, Обучение  дошкольное образование  школа  педагогика, дошкольное, педагогика, english, методика, английского, образование, Oxford's teachhing methods of english language, teachhing, языка, methods, Oxford's, школа Ключевые слова
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Contents



Contents
2

Introduction
3

Theory part: The use of games
4

Note-taking
10

Practical part : Grammar games:
14

Speed
14

Spot the differences
15

Tipycal questions
16

Achievements
16

Reported advioce
17

Picture the past
18

Impersonating members of a set
18

No backshift
19

Incomparable
20

One question behind
20

Sit down then 
22

Only if
22

Two-word verbs
23

The world of take
25

A dictionary game 
26

Eyes
27

Umbrella
28

Listening to time 
29

Guess my grammar
30

Puzzle stories
30

Word ordwer dictation
31

Grammar lessons taking notes:
33

Passive voice
33

Context and meaning
34

Subject matter note taking
36

Conclusion
37

References
38













Introduction



This course work presents two teaching methods widely approved in Oxfrord Universities: grammar and vocabulary games and the variations of taking notes during the lesson.
Both of methods are embodied in the theory and practical part. As a theory part I give research works of professional lavguage teachers who studied the methods they considered as useful and effective and put their opinion and reseach works on the press. I’m very grateful to them for sharing their experiences with us. So this part of my work describes the method itself, gives tests proving its effectiveness and touches some problem spots of it. Next I offer practical part containing examples of taking these methods in the classroom.
None of these methods presented here is any brand new discovery for the language teacher. Every teacher used to practice them in his/her work, there’s only a try to add something new to well known and allegedebly usual techiques (like note-taking), to study them deeper and show more interesting and useful side of them. In short words some suggestions to make them work better.
The reason I’ve chosen this theme is the wish to know more about how to make the lesson more interesting and useful at the same time. I’ve benefitted much by collectiong and studing all this material I present here and hope you’ll find this work worth reviewing.


The Use of Games

For Vocabulary Presentation and Revision

by Agnieszka Uberman

Vocabulary acquisition is increasingly viewed as crucial to language acquisition. However, there is much disagreement as to the effectiveness of different approaches for presenting vocabulary items. Moreover, learning vocabulary is often perceived as a tedious and laborious process. In this article I would like to examine some traditional techniques and compare them with the use of language games for vocabulary presentation and revision, in order to determine whether they are more successful in presenting and revising vocabulary than other methods.
From my teaching experience I have noticed how enthusiastic students are about practising language by means of games. I believe games are not only fun but help students learn without a conscious analysis or understanding of the learning process while they acquire communicative competence as second language users. 



Vocabulary teaching techniques

There are numerous techniques concerned with vocabulary presentation. However, there are a few things that have to be remembered irrespective of the way new lexical items are presented. If teachers want students to remember new vocabulary, it needs to be learnt in context, practised, and then revised to prevent students from forgetting. We can tell the same about grammar.Teachers must make sure students have understood the new words, which will be remembered better if introduced in a "memorable way". Bearing all this in mind, teachers have to remember to employ a variety of techniques for new vocabulary presentation and revision.
Gairns and Redman (1986) suggest the following types of vocabulary presentation techniques:
Visual techniques. These pertain to visual memory, which is considered especially helpful with vocabulary retention. Learners remember better the material that has been presented by means of visual aids. Visual techniques lend themselves well to presenting concrete items of vocabulary-nouns; many are also helpful in conveying meanings of verbs and adjectives. They help students associate presented material in a meaningful way and incorporate it into their system of language values.

Verbal explanation. This pertains to the use of illustrative situations, synonymy, opposites, scales (Gairns and Redman ), definition (Nation) and categories (Allen and Valette ).


Use of dictionaries. Using a dictionary is another technique of finding out meanings of unfamiliar words and expressions. Students can make use of a variety of dictionaries: bilingual, monolingual, pictorial, thesauri, and the like. As French Allen perceives them, dictionaries are "passports to independence," and using them is one of the student-centered learning activities.






Using games


The advantages of using games. Many experienced textbook and methodology manuals writers have argued that games are not just time-filling activities but have a great educational value. W. R. Lee holds that most language games make learners use the language instead of thinking about learning the correct forms. He also says that games should be treated as central not peripheral to the foreign language teaching programme. A similar opinion is expressed by Richard-Amato, who believes games to be fun but warns against overlooking their pedagogical value, particularly in foreign language teaching. There are many advantages of using games. "Games can lower anxiety, thus making the acquisition of input more likely" (Richard-Amato). They are highly motivating and entertaining, and they can give shy students more opportunity to express their opinions and feelings (Hansen). They also enable learners to acquire new experiences within a foreign language which are not always possible during a typical lesson. Furthermore, to quote Richard-Amato, they, "add diversion to the regular classroom activities," break the ice, "[but also] they are used to introduce new ideas". In the easy, relaxed atmosphere which is created by using games, students remember things faster and better (Wierus and Wierus ). Further support comes from Zdybiewska, who believes games to be a good way of practising language, for they provide a model of what learners will use the language for in real life in the future.



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Список предметов Предмет: Педагогика Английский язык
Oxfords teachhing methods of english language Тема: Oxfords teachhing methods of english language
преподавания, методика преподавания английского языка, language, Обучение, Обучение  дошкольное образование  школа  педагогика, дошкольное, педагогика, english, методика, английского, образование, Oxford's teachhing methods of english language, teachhing, языка, methods, Oxford's, школа Ключевые слова: преподавания, методика преподавания английского языка, language, Обучение, Обучение дошкольное образование школа педагогика, дошкольное, педагогика, english, методика, английского, образование, Oxford's teachhing methods of english language, teachhing, языка, methods, Oxford's, школа
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